**POWERS**

**POWERS(POWER Systems)** is an
electrical distribution network simulation code. Electrical networks are modeled by using
the Finite Element Method for basic components such as resistors, inductors, and
capacitors. All components are modeled as time-dependent elements. Components other than
the basic components can be constructed with the basic component set to build hierarchical
electrical components, such as breakers and generator-buses.

The least-squares form of the Finite Element
Method is used in the basic code, POWERS, which results in a symmetric local element
formulation. This minimizes the amount of work that has to be performed for the implicit
solution method that are used for enhanced simulation stability. The local element
matrices for each component are a 2 X 2 structure and joined together to form a symmetric
system matrix, for the electrical network, similar to using small building blocks to erect
a large structure. All the degrees of freedom for the electrical system are obtained from
the matrix inversion and back substitution. |

POWERS has a high degree of accuracy and can be easily modified to model any electrical networks. The symmetric nature of the Finite Element Method and its basic building block character results in high system fidelity, fast execution time and the flexibility of interactive model building and testing.